How to Apply for a French Long-Stay Visa – Part Deux

Last year I applied for a French long-stay visa and I really screwed it up! As a result of my stupidity, I was approved for only a nine-month visa in my one-year restricted passport. However, this long-stay visa also came with restrictions, the most important being it’s not eligible for “Cart de Sejour” – meaning the clock hasn’t started yet on my steps toward French residency. I now have a new ten-year unrestricted passport and I need to reapply for a real, unrestricted French long-stay visa at some point before my visa expires. That time is now!

As I begin researching the French long-stay visa situation I realize in horror that EVERYTHING HAS CHANGED in the nine months since I last went through this!

So, here we go again – How to apply for a French long-stay visa – Part Deux!

Step 1 – Create an account on the France.visas website

The magical “Visa Wizard” will ask you a few questions to determine which type of visa you’ll need. If the long-stay visa (aka Visitor Visa or Visa D) is the answer, the steps that follow will likely apply to you. You’ll need to complete your visa application online, save it, and print it. Once you hit “submit”, they’ll ask whether you need to schedule an appointment or have already made contact with the appropriate consulate. If you need to schedule your appointment, check the list of the consulate contact information provided. (Here is a list of the contact information for each consulate.)

Step 2 – Schedule your appointment to request your French long-stay visa

The biggest change in the past nine months is the outsourcing to VFS Global. This process is currently in transition to be completed by late July 2018.

“This new process will gradually be put in place between April and July, with the opening of 10 visa application centers: in Washington (April 18), New Orleans and Houston (May 30), Chicago (June 5), Boston (June 6), San Francisco (June 27), Los Angeles (June 28), Miami and Atlanta (July 19) and New York (July 26). Until then, filing procedures remain unchanged. Once these centers are open, applicants will be able to apply for visas at the VFS center of their choice.”

During this transition time, some of the consulates are still accepting appointments directly. Once a consulate has begun outsourcing, the appointment will need to be scheduled directly through VFS. To schedule your appointment through VFS, you’ll need to create an account on their site and pay a fee of $31. Check the consulate contact list for options in your consulate area and the link to create your account on VFS.

Required Documents for your French long-stay visa

Once you’ve submitted your application online and scheduled an appointment, you will receive an appointment confirmation document (print this) as well as a list of required documents (print this too). Here’s the list:


Application form – printed, signed, and dated. Also, bring an extra copy of this application form.

Passport photo – They are very particular about photos. Mine were rejected so I had new ones taken on site at VFS. There is a $12 charge for this service. The photos need to have a neutral face with mouth closed on a white or light gray background. The face should be straight to camera (no head tilt) and ears visible and just the head and upper neck in the photo. Standard US 2×2 size is acceptable. You’ll need one photo for each application plus an extra one (so bring 3 total).

ID showing residency in the consular jurisdiction – in my case I’ll use my Minnesota driver’s license.

Passport + photocopy – Your passport must be valid for at least 3 months past the validity of the visa and have a minimum of two blank visa pages. Keep in mind that the last two pages of your passport are NOT visa pages but are just “endorsement” pages. (This is where I really screwed up last time.)

You also need to provide a copy of the passport information page, preferably  a colored photocopy rather than black and white. You do NOT need to provide a photocopy of ALL passport pages – just the information page.

Purpose of Travel

“No work” clause – a signed statement promising that you won’t work for any French companies while on your tourist visa.

Criminal record extract – This requirement is new for the Chicago consulate so I had some questions. I called the VFS helpdesk (347-252-3055) and was actually able to speak to a human being. He confirmed that an FBI background check is not necessary and that a Minnesota criminal record extract is fine. I was able to order it online for $24.95 and received it immediately.

UPDATE: The jury is still out on this question. The people at VFS in Chicago debated whether an FBI background check is required and said they’d submit my application with the state criminal records extract and we’ll find out if it’s approved. The following day I called the French consulate in Chicago – they told me to contact VFS or the French embassy in DC. I called the French embassy in DC and they also referred me to VFS. 

Final Answer: I received my visa without the FBI background check!

OFII form – fill out the top part only. The local authorities in France will complete the rest after visa issuance. This form is required only if you plan to stay in France for more than a year.

Updated info:

Letter of Intent – Some applicants have reported that they were asked to write a “Letter of Intent” describing what they plan to do in while France. One applicant I spoke with received this as a part of her “required documents” list. Another was asked to write it during the VFS interview. This letter was part of the original documents I presented to the consulate during my first attempt at a long-stay visa but I was not required to write this the second time around. Be prepared.


Apartment rental contract (or proof of accommodation) – Since I signed a 3-year lease on an apartment in Nice, I’m submitting the entire 13-page contract as proof of accommodation.

Renter’s Insurance – Not required for the visa application but I’m submitting it as a bit of bonus paperwork. (She handed it back to me and didn’t seem impressed by my “extra credit” paperwork.)

Funds – Proof of means of financial support

I printed 3 months of bank statements from both my French and US banks as well as my most recent IRA statement. Last time I submitted 7 months of bank statements and the woman seemed a little annoyed at the overkill. I also created a “financial summary” page translated it into French and converted the funds into Euros.

How much money do they consider “enough” to support yourself? That’s a bit of a gray area but I’ve read that they consider 1500 EUR per month (French minimum wage) as adequate.


Health Insurance Policy – valid for first 3 months, which is a welcome change from last time when they required coverage for the full one-year validity of the visa.

I purchased a health insurance policy through Isubuy last fall and the policy is still valid. The French government has very specific insurance requirements and Insubuy provides a “visa letter” with a breakdown of all these requirements. They specifically look for a minimum coverage of $50,000 with a ZERO deductible.

Most importantly: PRINT THE DOCUMENT LIST (the one that was generated by the Visa Wizard) and attach it to your paperwork. When I called the helpline, the recordings stressed this point. Do not submit your visa application without this document list attached or (they claim) they will reject you immediately.

Applying for a long-stay French visa
Visa application dossier

Step 3 – The appointment

Last time, I arrived at the Chicago consulate with my paperwork neatly arranged in a hardcover binder resembling a graduate level dossier. I nervously waited to hear my name called, and finally got to the bullet-proof window. Unfortunately, the hardcover binder would not fit through the small slot under the bullet-proof class so the woman demanded that I take everything out and slide the papers under the glass.

Valuable tip: Do not use a hardcover binder. Keep all the papers loose and paperclipped into their respective categories with the document list on top.

My appointment at the Chicago consulate last fall was done in 20 minutes. The current VFS system is brand new for Chicago and is a disorganized mess. 

I arrive at 2:15 for my 2:30 appointment and a security guard ushers me into a holding cell where ten others patiently wait. Some had been there since 1:00. About 45 minutes later, one of the VFS guys pokes his head in to answer any questions. An hour after my arrival, we move to another holding cell, this one with air conditioning. (We’re finally getting close!) At 3:45 pm, there are still eight of us waiting patiently. By 4:00 pm, six people remain.

Door #1

Finally, two hours after my scheduled appointment time, I see a person. I enter the small office where the unsmiling woman quickly examines my neatly organized stacks of paper and makes notes on her checklist. I notice her note “FBI background check?” and tell her I had called the helpline to check. She doesn’t have the answer to that burning question and says the consulate will determine whether it is necessary.

Door #2

Examination step complete, I return to the air-conditioned holding cell. A few minutes later they usher me into another office where they create the UPS documents and take care of all payment. The total comes to $150 ($115 for the visa and $35 for the UPS shipment). The shipping fee includes the UPS envelope so it’s not necessary to bring one with you. The woman estimates the approval time will be 2 to 15 business days.

Door #3

Finally, I graduate to the final door, the biometrics office, where they take a photo and fingerprints. Then, almost 3 hours after my arrival at VFS, I walk out to a beautiful day in Chicago and head back to the airport.

The Rest of the Story:

I receive an email from VFS 8 business days after my appointment advising me that my passport is in the mail! The following day, the UPS man shows up at my door and I greet him with a kiss! (Yahoo!)

I the end, as frustrating as the paper chase is, I KNOW life in France will be well worth it!

Any other French long-stay visa tips or questions? Please let me know!























(Passport Photo credit: LucasTheExperience via / CC BY-NC-ND)

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24 Replies to “How to Apply for a French Long-Stay Visa – Part Deux”

  1. I’m happy we applied for a long stay Visitor Visa D in June of 2017 in San Francisco. It went very smoothly and we each received our visa in 3 weeks. I understand the whole French Visa process had being unified across all consulates in the US. We are happily applying for the Carte de Sejour in Nice this August and will be looking To put down longer roots in the near future. Enjoy your blog.

    1. Thanks, Cicely! The whole process would’ve been smooth for me too if I hadn’t been so stupid the first time around! 🙂 Live and learn – and educate others! Hope to see you around Nice this summer.

      1. Hi Andy!

        So I have my appointment on Thursday for my long stay visa and I realize my proof of accommodation might not be enough. Close friends have invited me to stay and provided me with a welcome letter, a bunch of official tax information as well as utilitiy bills proving their residence. Is this enough? I’m hoping this as well as my proof of funds (over 800k in liquid accounts) will be enough. I’m super nervous and heard VFS is a nightmare so that’s not helping!

        1. Hi Denise – It sounds like the information your friends have provided should be adequate but you also want to provide copies of their passports (and visas, if applicable). I can’t speak for the French authorities, but I would assume that your financial situation should lean heavily in your favor. VFS was a bit of a nightmare when I was there in June (Chicago), but they had just done the transition the previous week so I think they were still working out some kinks in the system. The actual approval process was quick and painless – I had my passport back within 7 business days! Good luck to you and please let me know how it goes!

          1. Oh, yeah he sent me a copy of his passport as well! It’s kind of odd that the checklist doesn’t have the FBI check listed on it but everything I’ve read says I need this. I’ll let you know how it goes and fingers crossed it’s not a nightmare! I booked a flex ticket for October 5th 🙂

          2. The murky information on the FBI background check stressed me out at the last minute! I got by with just the MN state criminal records check but I’m not sure that’s standard. Best of luck!

  2. My husband and I have our appointment in Chicago at the end of this month….this information was very helpful, thank you!

    1. Great! Thanks for reading and best of luck with your appointment! I’m sure you’ll love your new life in France and the paperchase will be worth it in the end!

  3. Thank you so much for this info! I’m currently getting ready to apply in San Francisco and saw that everything is changing. Your posts have been so helpful! Hopefully it all works out!

    1. Hi Chrissy – I’m so glad you found this post helpful. I’ll be updating the information after my appointment with VFS and will also add info on the paperchase required once you get to France. Best of luck in San Francisco and in your new life in France!

  4. Hey Andi! I’m in the process of applying for the long-stay visa in order to live in Lille, but I still have a few questions that you may be able to help with.

    -“Once these centers are open, applicants will be able to apply for visas at the VFS center of their choice.” Does that mean that I can now schedule an appointment at any of the consulates, regardless of my residence (I’m an NC resident)? My consulate would be Atlanta, but I’d prefer to apply in DC if possible.

    -I’m struggling with securing housing in Lille since I can’t seem to sign a lease without a visa or French bank account, and I’m not sure if I’ll be approved for the visa without a signed lease. Is it possible to be approved for the visa if I book a hotel, hostel, or airbnb for a month or so and show that I have plenty of savings, a regular income, and have done extensive research on the available apartments in Lille?

    1. Hi Doug – It seems with this new visa system, there are a lot of questions and few answers. I’ll do my best to help!

      Regarding your first question – Yes, eventually you’ll be able to schedule an appointment with any VFS center. I misread that at first and scheduled an appointment at the DC VFS office since it was open first. I got some clarification on that and ended up canceling and rebooking in Chicago. I believe only AFTER all consulates have switched to VFS, that new rule will apply.

      Housing situation – That’s a tough one…a chicken vs egg thing. I was fortunate enough to spend 2.5 months in Nice getting all of that handled prior to applying. I signed a lease without my long-stay visa – no one was concerned about that. I also opened a bank account in France without a visa, but it was difficult. I’d suggest opening an account through HSBC in the US and then transferring the account to France. Most people can’t spend months in France organizing everything and end up booking something through AirBnb, but I think they probably will require more than just a one-month lease. Another option – if you know someone who lives there, they can write a letter verifying that you’ll be staying with them. You may also need to provide a copy of their passport and utility bills if you go that route.

      Hope this helps a little. Definitely try to contact VFS directly if possible. They’re not easy to reach but keep trying! Best of luck!

      1. Thanks Andi! If I’m living in France but working remotely for a US company, would I have to pay any income tax in France (I know I’ll still pay US income taxes)? Just trying to figure out how this would impact me financially. Thanks!

        1. Hi Doug! Unfortunately, I can’t really provide any sound advice on the tax situation because I haven’t had to file yet AND I don’t have any income right now. Here’s a good resource that may be able to answer your tax questions:
          They specialize in situations like yours and hopefully, they can shed some light on the tax implications. Best of luck!

  5. Hi Andi,
    Your blog has been so incredibly helpful and inspiring! My husband and I, along with our 2 daughters (ages 9 and 12) are at the beginning of a travel year abroad. We live in California and we are now in Ireland, all set to spend the Fall semester in the UK (as Americans we are able to be there less than 6 months so that created some ease in terms of Visas). Our plan has always been to spend the second portion of our trip France (Jan to June). We recently secured a place to live near Arles and a school for our girls. However, and this is a big however, while at one point we had read that if there is good reason to apply for a long-stay visa from outside your home country it is OK to do so, we are now reading conflicting reports. My question for you: in all of your research, have you ever heard of US citizens applying for France long-stay from outside of the US? Again, thank you for all the hard work and passion you have put into this blog!!
    Warmly, Vipassana

    1. Hi Vipassana,
      That’s a very good question and I don’t have the official answer but I can share my experience. Last Fall I applied for a long-stay visa and, because of my 1-year restricted passport, they only issued a 9-month visa that was “not eligible for Carte de Sejour”, meaning I had to go back to the US to reapply. After speaking to a local agency that specializes in expat issues, I went to the local Prefecture here in Nice to try to reapply locally. I stood in line for 3 hours and was then advised that they ONLY issue Visa D (long-stay visa) in your home country. So, based on my experience I seriously doubt you’d be able to do it here in France.

      Best of luck to you and please let me know if you’re able to accomplish this in France! Thanks for reading – I really appreciate it!

  6. Hi Andy,
    You said “PRINT THE DOCUMENT LIST AND ATTACH IT TO THE PAPERWORK” not A document list but THE document list. Where did it come from? Was it something that comes up during the application wizard?

    1. Hi Ron,
      Once you’ve completed your visa application on the Wizard and have submitted it, the Wizard responds with your required document list. That’s the one you should print and attach to the top of your pile of papers. Hope this helps. Please let me know if you have any other questions or if anything else is unclear. Thanks and best of luck!

  7. Andi,

    Thanks for your reply about the Document List. The problem with wizards is you don’t know what the next screen will be until you get there and there is no going off track for special cases. Hopefully, this one will at least allow you to back track or restart in the event you find yourself going down the wrong path.

    So, you are saying that after using the wizard, you make an appointment with VFS and no longer go to the consulate at all, right? I was also counting on using a Letter of Intent. I wonder if VFS doesn’t care about that and throw it away. It seems more robotic to me.


    1. Hi Ron,
      Yes, I went off-track the first time I used the Wizard and then just started over. I actually ended up with two applications on file and worried it might cause confusion but luckily it didn’t.
      Correct regarding your VFS question – depending on which consulate you’re dealing with. I was using the Chicago consulate, which cut over to VFS on June 5th so after that date, everything was done through VFS. You may want to present your Letter of Intent to VFS or at least keep it handy in case they ask for it, especially if you feel it’ll benefit you. That part seems quite random right now – some people need it and others don’t. 🙂

  8. Hi Andi, thanks for your helpful article! I am planning to retire in France and I have a question about health insurance. You said that you bought yours through Isubuy. I can’t seem to choose one. Which one did you buy? Thanks!

    1. Hi Mary – The policy I purchased was through Insubuy and is called “The Atlas Series”. It’s got the required minimum coverage of $50,000 and zero deductible. When I purchased it last year, the French long-stay visa required health insurance for the entire length of the visa. The revised long-stay visa procedure now requires only 3 months coverage. I hope this helps! Please let me know if you’ve got any other questions!

  9. Thanks for your response!!!

    1. No problem and best of luck to you! I hope it all goes smoothly!

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